Today we learned about fire because we wanted to know why fire was hot.
We started by getting some small birthday cake candles, matches, a baking tin, a jar and some water.
We stuck the candles in a baking tin with wax.
Then we lit them with a large candle. We had to be very careful.
Once they were lit we tried some different ways of putting them out. We started with some water but daddy forgot to take a picture of that. Water cools the flame down. Fire needs heat to keep going.
Next we put a jar over a candle.
The candle went out.
It goes out because fire needs air (actually oxygen) to keep going.
Next we let the candles burn all the way down to the bottom.
These candles went out because they ran out of fuel. The wax and wick are fuel and fire needs fuel to keep going.
All of this tells us what fire needs to burn but it doesn’t tell us why fire is hot. That’s very complicated so we started by looking at the different parts of the flame: blue, yellow, orange and red.
Then we watched a film about flames. It has some very big words in it but there’s a song about them that we all sang.